The office of President Jacob Zuma announced on early Saturday that former president Nelson Mandela, 94-year-old, was taken to a Pretoria hospital after his condition deteriorated due to recurrence of a lung infection and pneumonia.
Mandela contracted tuberculosis during the 27 years he was a political prisoner on Robben Island during South Africa’s inhumane apartheid system.
From spending years behind bar in South Africa's notorious Robben Island as a black nationalist to becoming the president of a country that had a long history of racial segregation, Mandela is perhaps the most respected leader on Earth. Unlike most power greedy, rampantly corrupt and election rigging leaders in Africa, Mandela stepped down after one term to devote his energies to fighting AIDS and championing children in need. He is held in deep respect within South Africa as the "Father of the Nation" and is often known under his Xhosa clan name of Madiba.